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2015年职称英语考试模拟题—卫生类A级阅读理解1

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2015-03-12
  本月3月28日职称英语就要开始考试了,考职称网整理了2015年职称英语卫生类A级考前模拟试题,愿各位考生顺利通过考试。The Best Way to Reduce Your Weight   You hear this: "No wonder you are fat. All you ever do is eat.  " You feel sad: " I skip my breakfast and supper. I run every morning  and evening. What else can I do?" Basically you can do nothing. Your  genes, not your life habits, determine your weight and your body constantly  tries to maintain it.
  Albert Stunkard of the University of Pennsylvania found from experiments  that, "80 percent of the children of two obese (肥胖的)  parents become obese, as compared with no more than 14 percent of the offspring  of two parents of normal weight. "
  How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well,  dieting can be effective, but the health costs are tremendous. Jules Hirsch, a  research physician at Rockefeller University, did a study of eight fat people.  They were given a liquid formula providing 600 calories a day. After more than  10 weeks, the subjects lost 45ka on average. But after leaving the hospital,  they all regained weight. The results were surprising: by metabolic (新陈代谢的) measurement, fat people who lost large amounts of weight seemed  like they were starving. They had psychiatric problems. They dreamed of food or  breaking their diet. They were anxious and depressed; some were suicidal. They  hid food in their rooms. Researchers warn that it is possible that weight  reduction doesn't result in normal weight, but in an abnormal state resembling  that of starved non-obese people.
  Thin people, however, suffer from the opposite: They have to make a  great effort to gain weight. Ethan Sims, of the University of Vermont, got  prisoners to volunteer to gain weight. In four to six months, they ate as much  as they could.They succeeded in increasing their  weight by 20 to 25 percent. But months after the study ended they were back to  normal weight and stayed there.
  This did not mean that people are completely without "hope in  controlling their weight. It means that those who tend to be fat will have to  constantly battle their genetic inheritance if they want to significantly lower  their weight. The findings also provide evidence for something scientists  thought was true -- each person has a comfortable weight range. The range might  be as much as 9kg. Someone might weigh 60 -- 69kg without too much effort. But  going above or below the natural weight range is difficult. The body resists by  feeling hungry or full and changing the metabolism to push the weight back to  the range it seeks.

The first paragraph tells us that our  weight is determined by________.
A.our eating habit
B.our life style
C.our work habit
D.our genes


32、In Jules Hirsch's study, the subjects________.
A.showed no health problem
B.gained weight rapidly
C.were all very short
D.lived only on liquid  food


33、After leaving the hospital, the eight  fat people________.
A.attempted suicide
B.were back to normal  weight
C.went mad
D.followed the advice of  Hirsch's


34、In Ethan Sims study, the subjects were  asked to________.
A.stay in prison
B.eat as much as they  could
C.battle their genetic  inheritance
D.lower their weight


35、Which of the following statements is  true?
A.Each person wants to eat  to his heart's content.
B.Each. person has a weight  range of 9kg.
C.Each person has a  natural weight range.
D.Each person wants to  control his weight.

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