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2015年职称英语理工类C级考前模拟试题——阅读理解3

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2015-02-14
  距离考试只有1个多月时间了,考职称网整理了2015年职称英语理工类C级考前模拟,希望对考生顺利通过职称英语考试有所帮助。
Microelectronics Revolution
The 1980s are likely to be considered as a more than somewhat  interesting decade for the United Kingdom and indeed for other industrialized  countries. The political, social and economic autonomic reflexes in operation for  the greater part of this century will have to give way to the new as conditions  change. Paramount amongst these changes is the advent of microelectronics with  their ability to increase productivity and the end of cheap, easily manipulated  sources of energy. Together these will undoubtedly change the pattern of  industrialization and industrialized life in a radical manner not seen in the  UK since the early 19th century.
Most technological changes are somewhat less than fundamental. Many act  on an individual process of industry and so their effects on the general  economy can be boxed off. Others act on the demand side with new products,  often for new markets. Microelectronics, though, are different. It is difficult  to think of parts of the economy on which they will not have an impact; it is  especially very difficult to think of the many new consumer products that will  evolve. It is already being used, in productive processes through robotics, in  production planning through cheap computers, as cheap and easy to maintain  components, and through telecommunications, teletext systems and word  processing to provide, transmit and store information.
The resulting large increases in productivity will mean that increased  levels of output will be produced using fewer resources of manpower, raw  materials and energy. On the face of it this has to be a good thing, it opens  vistas that were previously closed. The cost, however, is measured in terms of  the resulting job losses, job changes and lack of new jobs. If we sit back and  allow the market to work allocating wealth and jobs-in other words-continue as  we are at present, either the technologies will not be introduced at all or  there will be social confrontation on a massive scale.
This new technology improves productivity at precisely the time world  trade growth is declining, and this is likely to diminish even further given  the responses to the shortage of energy sources. This will almost certainly  mean that our ability to supply will outstrip (超过 ) our ability to  demand, giving a classic high unemployment.

The most important changes in the 1980s__________
A.are affecting individual industries
B.ate not evident in the UK
C.concern microelectronics and energy
D.are being caused by changes of attitudes


42、According to the text, developments in technology usually__________
A.have far-reaching effects in a wide range of industries
B.increase unemployment significantly
C.affect only limited areas of the economy
D.affect the general economy considerably


43、The large increase in productivity as a result of microelectronics__________
A.will help to reduce social inequality
B.will mean a corresponding increase in job opportunities
C.will have positive and negative consequences
D.will create greater prosperity


44、According to the writer, what will happen if we allow market forces  alone to allocate wealth and jobs?
A.World trade will immediately start to decline
B.The new technological developments may  not be brought into the best possible way
C.Resources will be allocated in the best  possible way
D.There will be great social advances


45、What does "box off" mean in  the second paragraph?
A."separate"
B."confine"
C."put away"
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