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2014年职称英语考试理工类B级阅读理解考前冲刺练习(8)

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-03-07
  Going Her Own Way  When she was twelve, Maria made her first important decision about the course of her life.  She decided that she wanted to continue her education. Most girls from middle-class families choseto stay home after primary school, though some attended private Catholic "finishing" schools.  There they leamed a little about music, art, needlework, and how to make polite conversation.  This was not the sort of education that interested Maria - or her mother. By this time, she hadbegun to take her studies more seriously. She read constantly and brought her books everywhere.  One time she even brought her math book to the theater and tried to study in the dark.  Maria knew that she wanted to go on leaming in a serious way. That meant attending thepublic high school, something that very few girls did. In Italy at the time, there were two. types ofhigh schools: the "classical" schools and the "technical" schools. In the classical schools, thestudents followed a very traditional program of studies, with courses in Latin and Greek languageand literature, and Italian literature and history'. The few girls who continued studying afterprimary school usually chose these schools.  Maria, however, wanted to attend a technical school. The technical schools were more modernthan the classical schools and they offered courses in modern languages, mathematics, science, andaccounting2. Most people - including Maria's father_. believed that girls would never be able tounderstand these subjects. Furthermore, they did not think it was proper for girls to study them.  Maria did not care if it was proper or not. Math and science were the subjects that interestedher most. But before she could sign up for the technical school, she had to win her father'sapproval. She finally did, with her mother's help, though for many years after, there was tensionin the family. Maria's father continued to oppose her plans, while her mother helped her.  In 1883, at age thirteen, Maria entered the "Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti" inRome. Her experience at this school is difficult for us to imagine. Though the courses includedmodern subjects, the teaching methods were very traditional. Leaming consisted of memorizing longlists of facts and repeating them back to the teacher. Students were not supposed to ask questionsor think for themselves in any way. Teachers-were very demanding, discipline in the classroomwas strict, and punishment was severe for those who failed to achieve or were disobedient.  词汇:  discipline 纪律,学科,训练,惩罚  punishment 惩罚,严厉对待,虐待  注释:  1. In the classical schools, the students followed a very traditional program of studies, with coursesin Latin and Greek language and literature; and Italian literature and history.在传统学校中,学生们都依照一种非常传统的教学方式学习,包含拉丁语、希腊语与文学课,还有意大利文学与历史。  2. The technical schools were more modern than the classical schools and they offered courses inmodern languages, mathematics, science, and accounting.技术学校比传统学校要现代得多,他们提供的课程有现代语言、数学、自然科学,以及会计学。 本文链接:http://www.kaozc.com/kaoshi-934-128301-1.html
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