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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类C级完形填空历年真题及答案解析3

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-08-31
  考题类型:完形填空     Germs(细菌) onBanknotes    People in different countriesuse different types of money: yuan in China, pesos in Mexico, pounds in theUnited Kingdom, dollars in the United States, Australia and New Zealand. Theymay use different currencies, but these countries, and probably all countries,still have one thing in  ______ (51):Germs on the banknotes.    Scientists have beenstudying the germs on money for well over 100 years. A t the turn of the 20th______ (52), some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money couldspread disease.    Most studies of germymoney have looked at the germs on the currency ______ (53) one country. In anew study, Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germpopulations(族群) found on bills of different ______ (54).    Vriesekoop is amicrobiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the study,which compared the germ populations found on money ______ (55) from 10 nations.The scientists studied l,280 banknotes in total; all came from places where peoplebuy food, like supermarkets, street vendors(小贩) and cafes,______ (56) those businesses often rely on cash.    Overall, the Australiandollars hosted the fewest live bacteria---no more than 10 per squarecentimeter. Chinese yuan had the ______(57)---about 100 per square centimeter.Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.    What we call "papermoney" ______ (58)isn’t made from paper. The U.S. dollar, for example, isprinted on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______ (59) to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop andhis team, such as the American dollar, were made from cotton. Others were madefrom polymers(聚合物).    The three ______ (60) withthe lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on polymers. They included theAustralian dollar, the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.    The ______ (61) currencieswere printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymernotes. This  ______ (62)suggests thatgerms have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need todo more studies to understand ______ (63) germs live on money---and whether ornot we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______ (64) the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types ofbills.    Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains: Paper money ______ (65) germs. We should wash our hands aftertouching it; after all, you never know where your money has been. Or what'sliving on it.-61. (    )A. some        B. another       C. others        D. other  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是形容词,考查形容词的词义辨析。第二步:接下来看横线61,横线61的句子是:The______ (61) currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewergerms lived on the polymer notes. 其他的纸币都是印在高棉制品上。第三步:再看选项,根据原文,这里要填入一个表示“其他”意思的词。CD两个选项容易弄混淆,一般情况下,前面有冠词the,后面应该跟other,如果没有的话,就可以填others。也就是the other=others。所以本题答案选择D选项。62. (    )A. connection    B. participation    C. expression    D. estimation  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,考查名词的词义辨析。第二步:接下来看横线62,横线62的句子是:This  ______ (62)suggests that germs have a hardertime staying alive on polymer surfaces.这种关系表明, 病菌在聚合物的表面上更难以存活。第三步:再看选项,根据原文,这里要填入一个表示“关系,联系”意思的词。A选项connection表示关系的意思,所以本题答案选择A选项。63. (    )A. if            B. where        C. how          D. when  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是逻辑联系相关的词,所以本题考查句子间的逻辑意思。第二步:接下来看横线63,横线63的句子是:Scientistsneed to do more studies to understand ______ (63) germs live on money---andwhether or not we need to be concerned.科学家们若想搞清楚病菌是“怎样”在纸币上生存的以及我们是否需要重视这些病菌, 需要做更多的研究。第三步:再看选项,根据原文,这里要填入一个表示“怎样”意思的词。需要填入一个表示方式的词,也就是how。所以本题答案选择C选项。64. (    )A. complete      B. compare      C. cancel       D. command  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,考查动词的词义辨析。第二步:接下来看横线64,横线64的句子是:Vriesekoopis now starting a study that will ______ (64) the amounts of time bacteria canstay alive on different types of bills. vriesekoop目前所做的研究就是比较在不同类型的纸币上病菌存活的时间。第三步:再看选项,根据原文,这里要填入一个表示“比较”这个动作的词。B选项compare符合句意,所以本题的答案选择B选项。65. (    )A. avoids       B. kills         C. carries        D. selects  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,考查动词的词义辨析。第二步:接下来看横线65,横线65的句子是:WhateverVriesekoop finds, the fact remains: Paper money ______ (65) germs. We shouldwash our hands after touching it; after all, you never know where your moneyhas been. Or what's living on it.无论Vriesekoop的研究有何发现, 毋庸置疑的是:纸币携带着病菌。我们接触纸币后应立即洗手。毕竟, 你永远不会知道你的纸币的来源, 或者上面有什么东西。第三步:再看选项,根据原文,这里要填入一个表示“携带”这个动作的词。C选项carries符合句子意思,所以本题答案选择C选项。  为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
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