首页职称计算机职称英语公务员公务员面试医药卫生建筑工程外贸考试司法考试其他资格 微博微信QQ群
  1. 首页
  2. 考试指南
    考试政策 考试大纲 新手指导 职称考评
  3. 考试报名
    报考通知 报名时间 报名入口 沙龙国际 准考证打印 成绩查询 证书领取
  4. 综合类
  5. 理工类
  6. 卫生类
  7. 历年真题
  8. 模拟题库
  9. 考试技巧
    考试心得 备考技巧 名师辅导 专家解题 新增文章 教材和词典
  10. 培训辅导
您现在的位置:首页 > 职称英语 > 解题技巧 > 完形填空 >

专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类B级完形填空历年真题及答案解析3

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-08-31
  考题类型:完形填空   Climate Change Poses MajorRisks for Unprepared Cities    A new examination of urbanpolicies has been carried recently by Patricia Romero Lankao. She is asociologist specializing in climate change and ______ (51) development. Shewarns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially indeveloping countries, will likely suffer from the______ (52) of changingclimate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to ______ (53)emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. These gases are knownto affect the atmosphere.      "Climate change is adeeply local issue and poses profound ______ (54) to the growing cities of theworld," says Romero Lankao. "But too few cities are developingeffective strategies to protect their residents."    Cities are ______ (55)sources of greenhouse gases. And urban populations are likely to be among thosemost severely affected by future climate change. Lankao's findings highlightways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policyinterventions(干预) that could offer immediate and longer-term ______ (56).    The locations and denseconstruction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater ______(57) for natural disasters. Potential threats associated with climate includestorm surges and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areasand prolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surroundingareas. The impacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urbanenvironment. For example, a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels ofair pollution, causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods thatmay ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable networkof roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents inpoorer countries live in substandard housing ______ (61) access to reliabledrinking water, roads and basic services.    Local governments,therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents. Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric(言辞) ______ (63)meaningful responses," Romero Lankao writes. "They don't imposeconstruction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning ______(64). They don't emphasize mass transit and reduce automobile use. In fact,many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), sheurges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to preventthe harmful effects of climate change on cities.-61. (  )A. with       B. without         C. in             D. on  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是介词,所以本题的重点是考查介词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:看横线61,横线61的句子是:Manyresidents in poorer countries five in substandard housing ______ (61) access toreliable drinking water, roads and basic services.  第三步:最后看选项,选项A是有的意思,选项B是没有的意思,选项C是在…里面的意思,选项D是在…上面的意思,贫穷国家许多人住在不符合标准的房子里。下面提到reliable drinking water、roads和basicservices这些基础设施, 从上下文判断, 贫穷居民不会享有这些基础设施。所以本题的正确答案为B。62. (  )A. identify         B. educate        C. protect         D. evaluate  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题的重点是考查动词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:接下来看横线62,横线62的句子是:Localgovernments, therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents. 第三步:最后看选项,选项A说的是识别的意思,选项B说的是教育的意思,选项C是保护的意思,选项D是评价的意思,这里说的是地方政府应该采取相应的对策以保护城镇居民,因此本题答案是C选项。63. (  )A. less than     B. rather than     C. more than     D. better than  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是表示比较的词组,所以我们要重点看词组的词义和在句子中的使用。第二步:看横线63,横线63的句子是:Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric ______(63) meaningful responses。第三步:看选项,A选项意思表示更少,B选项表示而不是,C选项表示更多,D选项表示不同于。rhetoricresponses(言辞反应, 即用言语予以搪塞的反应)和meaningful responses(有意义的反应)是两种截然不同的反应。地方政府的反应是前者还是后者?随后的句子, 特别是a hands—off approach, 说明地方政府做出的是rhetoric responses, 而不是meaningful responses。所以本题要选rather than(而不是)。故本题的正确答案为B。 64. (  )A. needs            B. wastes         C. areas            D. resources  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以我们要重点看名词的词义和在句子中的使用。第二步:看横线64,横线64的句子是:Theydon't impose construction standards that could reduce heating and airconditioning ______ (64).句子意思是:题目没有带来可以降低对暖气和空调_____的建筑标准。第三步:最后看选项,A选项表示需求,B选项表示废物,C选项表示区域,D选项表示资源;根据上下文,这里指的应该是“对暖气和空调需求的建筑标准”。所以本题的正确答案为A。65. (  )A. Still                B. However      C. Moreover              D. Thus  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是关联词,所以本题的重点是考查关联词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:接下来看横线65,横线65的句子是:In fact,many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), sheurges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to preventthe harmful effects of climate change on cities.第三步:最后看选项,A是仍然的意思,B是然而的意思,C是此外的意思,D是因此的意思,根据上下文,横线前面说政府采用放手政策,横线后说她强烈要求他们改变不作为的政策,两者之间是因果关系,所以符合逻辑和意思的只有选项D,因此本题的正确答案选D。为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
本文链接:http://www.kaozc.com/kaoshi-152-155001-1.html
相关热词搜索 完形填空 真题 英语考试
  1. 我去年购买的550的培训班,今年没有通过... 您好 去年参加我们班级没有通过考试...
  2. 2017年职称英语培训报名费多少 ?  我们博大职称英语的培训班是针对零基...
  3. 请问博大考神2017年职称英语0基础培训,... 新课程预计是在国庆前才会上市的,现...
  4. 我要参加职称英语考试,可是我英语基础...您好,我们博大考神是提供学习保过培训...
  5. 天津2016年职称英语证书可以邮寄吗? 可以选择邮寄,也可以自行去领取...
  6. 上海职称英语合格证书什么时候可以领取?上海市2016年度全国职称计算机考试合格...
  7. 请问中级职称英语考什么级别?博大考试...  一般中级是需要报考B 类的。针对职...
  8. 我13年购买了职称英语课程,今年再购买... 您好 购买13年课程的时候有一张金币...
  9. 明年的职称英语培训你们开班了没啊?有...  职称英语培训班我们预售班已经在销...
  10. 我今年50岁了,需要评中级职称可以免考... 您好 评职称的具体的要求是根据考试...
 沙龙国际娱乐平台