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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试理工类B级完形填空历年真题及答案解析2

来源: 发布时间:2014-08-31
  考题类型:完形填空   Climate Change Poses MajorRisks for Unprepared Cities    A new examination of urbanpolicies has been carried recently by Patricia Romero Lankao. She is asociologist specializing in climate change and ______ (51) development. Shewarns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially indeveloping countries, will likely suffer from the______ (52) of changingclimate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to ______ (53)emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. These gases are knownto affect the atmosphere.      "Climate change is adeeply local issue and poses profound ______ (54) to the growing cities of theworld," says Romero Lankao. "But too few cities are developingeffective strategies to protect their residents."    Cities are ______ (55)sources of greenhouse gases. And urban populations are likely to be among thosemost severely affected by future climate change. Lankao's findings highlightways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policyinterventions(干预) that could offer immediate and longer-term ______ (56).    The locations and denseconstruction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater ______(57) for natural disasters. Potential threats associated with climate includestorm surges and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areasand prolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surroundingareas. The impacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urbanenvironment. For example, a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels ofair pollution, causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods thatmay ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable networkof roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents inpoorer countries live in substandard housing ______ (61) access to reliabledrinking water, roads and basic services.    Local governments,therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents. Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric(言辞) ______ (63)meaningful responses," Romero Lankao writes. "They don't imposeconstruction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning ______(64). They don't emphasize mass transit and reduce automobile use. In fact,many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), sheurges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to preventthe harmful effects of climate change on cities.-56. (  )A. signs             B. benefits                 C. chances                 D. plans  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以本题是对于名词词义的辨析和句子逻辑的关系的考查。第二步:看横线57,横线57的句子是:Lankao'sfindings highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable,and suggest policy interventions that could offerimmediate and longer-term______ (56). 第三步:最后看选项,A是符号的意思,B是益处的意思,C是机会的意思,D是计划的意思,根据上下文,城市居民最易受气候变化的伤害, 所以Lankao建议地方政府要进行政策介入以降低居民因气候变化受到的伤害, 而这会带来立即的和长期的益处。所以benefits(益处)才是答案。故本题的答案是B选项。57.(  )A. cost               B. moment                C. risk                D. speed  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以本题是对于名词词义的辨析和句子逻辑的关系的考查。第二步:看横线57,横线57的句子是:Thelocations and dense construction patterns of cities often place theirpopulations at greater ______ (57) for natural disasters.城市的位置及高密度的建筑模式经常让他们是人们处在更大的______自然灾害。第三步:最后看选项,A是成本的意思,B是时刻的意思,C是风险的意思,D是速度的意思,这里涉及到一个固定搭配:at risk for表示处在……的危险当中,根据上下文,这里要表达的是处在更大自然灾害的风险中。所以本题的答案是C。58. (  )A. locally  B. heavily C. suddenly                D. mildly  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是副词,所以本题的重点是考查副词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:接下来看横线58,横线58的句子是:……andprolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surroundingareas.这里要选择的是一个能修饰heat的词。第三步:最后看选项,A是当地的意思,B是猛烈地的意思,C是突然地的意思,D是柔和地的意思。根据上下文,只有选项B的heavily能比较好的修饰heat,所以本题的答案是B。59. (  )A. standard      B. meaningful  C. serious         D. friendly  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是形容词,所以本题重点考查形容词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:接下来看横线59,横线59的句子是:Theimpacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urban environment.这句话的意思是:诸如此类的自然事件的影响对城市环境可能是更_____.第三步:最后看选项,选项A是标准的意思,选项B是有意义的意思,选项C是严重的意思,选项D是友好的意思,根据上下文,影响应该是更严重的,所以本题答案为C。60. (  )A. provide        B. lack     C. update          D. improve  专家解题:第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题的重点是考查动词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。第二步:接下来看横线60,横线60的句子是:Poorerneighborhoods that may ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or adependable network of roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. 第三步:最后看选项,选项A是提供的意思,选项B是缺乏的意思,选项C是更新的意思,选项D是改善的意思,贫穷社区更易受到伤害, 句子给出有关基础设施的各个方面。贫穷社区的基础设施一定是不尽如人意的。所以要选lack。所以本题答案为B。为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
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