首页职称计算机职称英语公务员公务员面试医药卫生建筑工程外贸考试司法考试其他资格 微博微信QQ群
  1. 首页
  2. 考试指南
    考试政策 考试大纲 新手指导 职称考评
  3. 考试报名
    报考通知 报名时间 报名入口 沙龙国际 准考证打印 成绩查询 证书领取
  4. 综合类
  5. 理工类
  6. 卫生类
  7. 历年真题
  8. 模拟题库
  9. 考试技巧
    考试心得 备考技巧 名师辅导 专家解题 新增文章 教材和词典
  10. 培训辅导
您现在的位置:首页 > 职称英语 > 解题技巧 > 补全短文 >

专家解题:2013年职称英语考试理工类B级补全短文历年真题及答案解析

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-08-28
  考题类型:补全短文
  The Tough Grass that Sweetens Our Lives
  Sugar cane was once a wild grass that grew in New Guinea and was used by local  people for roofing their houses and fencing their gardens. Gradually a different variety  evolved which contained sucrose (蔗糖) and was chewed on for its sweet taste. Over time,  sugar cane became a highly valuable commercial plant, grown throughout the world.  ______(46)
  Sugar became a vital ingredient in all kinds of things, from confectionery(糖果点心)  to medicine, and, as the demand for sugar grew, the industry became larger de more  profitable. ______(47) Many crops withered(枯萎) and died, despite growers attempts to  save them and there were fears that the health of the plant would continues to  deteriorate.
  In the 1960s, scientists working in Barbados looked for ways to make the commercial  species stronger and more able to resist disease. They experimented with breeding  programmes, mixing genes from the wild species of sugar cane, which tends to be tougher,  with genes from the more delicate, commercial type. ______(48) This sugar cane is not  yet ready to be sold commercially, but when this happens, it is expected to be  incredibly profitable for the industry.
  _______(49) Brazil, which produces one quarter of the world's sugar, has coordinated  an international project under Professor Paulo Arrudo of the Universidade Estaudual de  Campinas in Sao Paulo. Teams of experts have worked with him to discover more about  which parts of the genetic structure of the plant are important for the production of  sugar and its overall health.
  Despite all the research, however, we still do not fully understand how the genes in  sugar cane. ______(50) This gene is particularly exciting because it makes the plant  resistant to rust, a disease which probably originated in India, but is now capable of  infecting sugar cane across the world. Scientist believe they will eventually be able to  grow a plant which cannot be destroyed by rust.
  46. (    )
  A. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before,  but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
  B. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's  genetic code.
  C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D' Hont and her team in  Montpelier, France.
  D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
  E. Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more  guaranteed.
  F. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
  专家解析:
  第一步:分析六个选项。选项A的commercial plant,5 percent,sweeter than before,stronger, less likely to die;选项B的1960s,analyzing,mysteries,sugar cane's genetic code;选项C 的One major gene,Dr Angelique D' Hont,Montpelier, France;选项D的majority of the  world's sugar,this particular commercial species;选项E的more vigorous,supply of sugar ,more guaranteed,选项F的Unfortunately, however, weaker and more prone to disease。
  第二步:回归横线46处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:Over time, sugar cane  became a highly valuable commercial plant, grown throughout the world. ______(46)。横线前 出现了commercial plant以及throughout the world,选项D的关键词与此重合,由此可见,D选项填入 此处具有承上的作用;另外,横线前讲的是:长期以来,全世界都栽种的甘蔗成为了一种高价值的经济作 物;选项D讲的是:现在全世界大部分的糖都是取自于这种独特的经济作物中。故本题的正确答案为选项D 。
  47. (    )
  A. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before,  but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
  B. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's  genetic code.
  C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D' Hont and her team in  Montpelier, France.
  D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
  E. Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more  guaranteed.
  F. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
  专家解析:
  第一步:回归横线47处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:Sugar became a vital  ingredient in all kinds of things, from confectionery(糖果点心) to medicine, and, as the  demand for sugar grew, the industry became larger de more profitable. ______(47) Many  crops withered(枯萎) and died, despite growers attempts to save them and there were  fears that the health of the plant would continues to deteriorate. 横线前讲的是more  profitable(更有利),横线后讲的是withered and died(枯萎和死亡),可见横线前后意思发生了转折 ,正好选项F的Unfortunately, however(然而,不幸的是)就可以表示转折这个意思,另外,选项F中的 become weaker (变得虚弱)而且 more prone to disease(更容易得病),对后面讲的withered and  died(枯萎和死亡)起到了一个启下的作用。故本题的正确答案为选项F。
  48. (    )
  A. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before,  but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
  B. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's  genetic code.
  C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D' Hont and her team in  Montpelier, France.
  D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
  E. Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more  guaranteed.
  F. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
  专家解析:
  第一步:回归横线48处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:They experimented with  breeding programmes, mixing genes from the wild species of sugar cane, which tends to be  tougher, with genes from the more delicate, commercial type. ______(48) This sugar cane  is not yet ready to be sold commercially, but when this happens, it is expected to be  incredibly profitable for the industry.横线前讲到了commercial type,并且使用了一些列比较级 表述,比如:tougher、more delicate等;横线后讲到了this sugar说明横线处应该提到一种sugar。选 项中的A选项正好出现了a commercial plant(一种经济作物),不仅承接了横线前的commercial type 还可以指代横线后的this sugar,并且也使用了一系列的比较级用法,比如:sweeter、much stronger 、less likely to die,其中stronger和横线前的tougher都是同一个意思,表示的是强壮的意思,故本 题的正确答案为选项A。
  49. (    )
  A. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before,  but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
  B. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's  genetic code.
  C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D' Hont and her team in  Montpelier, France.
  D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
  E. Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more  guaranteed.
  F. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
  专家解析:
  第一步:回归横线49处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:_______(49) Brazil,  which produces one quarter of the world's sugar, has coordinated an international  project under Professor Paulo Arrudo of the Universidade Estaudual de Campinas in Sao  Paulo. Teams of experts have worked with him to discover more about which parts of the  genetic structure of the plant are important for the production of sugar and its overall  health.这道题比较难,我们做完其他题目以后再来做此题,这个时候只剩下了B和E两个选项。先看横线 后出现了an international project(一个国际项目),Teams of experts(几对专家),discover( 发现),genetic structure(基因结构)。正好B选项出现了scientists(科学家),analyzing(分析 ),genetic code(基因密码),其中scientists(科学家)和Teams of experts(几对专家)对应, analyzing(分析)了才能discover(发现),而且genetic code(基因密码)和genetic structure( 基因结构)对应,故本题的正确答案为选项B。
  50. (    )
  A. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before,  but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.
  B. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane's  genetic code.
  C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D' Hont and her team in  Montpelier, France.
  D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.
  E. Sugar cane is now much more vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more  guaranteed.
  F. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.
  专家解析:
  第一步:回归横线50处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:Despite all the  research, however, we still do not fully understand how the genes in sugar cane. ______ (50) This gene is particularly exciting because it makes the plant resistant to rust, a  disease which probably originated in India, but is now capable of infecting sugar cane  across the world. 横线前出现了the genes in sugar cane,横线后也出现了This gene,可见横线处 也应该出现gene,六个选项中,只有选项C出现了One major gene,并且选项中出现了国家名France(法 国)也和横线后出现的国家名India(印度)进行了对应,故本题的正确答案为选项C。
  为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
本文链接:http://www.kaozc.com/kaoshi-151-154603-1.html
  1. 我去年购买的550的培训班,今年没有通过... 您好 去年参加我们班级没有通过考试...
  2. 2017年职称英语培训报名费多少 ?  我们博大职称英语的培训班是针对零基...
  3. 请问博大考神2017年职称英语0基础培训,... 新课程预计是在国庆前才会上市的,现...
  4. 我要参加职称英语考试,可是我英语基础...您好,我们博大考神是提供学习保过培训...
  5. 天津2016年职称英语证书可以邮寄吗? 可以选择邮寄,也可以自行去领取...
  6. 上海职称英语合格证书什么时候可以领取?上海市2016年度全国职称计算机考试合格...
  7. 请问中级职称英语考什么级别?博大考试...  一般中级是需要报考B 类的。针对职...
  8. 我13年购买了职称英语课程,今年再购买... 您好 购买13年课程的时候有一张金币...
  9. 明年的职称英语培训你们开班了没啊?有...  职称英语培训班我们预售班已经在销...
  10. 我今年50岁了,需要评中级职称可以免考... 您好 评职称的具体的要求是根据考试...
 沙龙国际娱乐平台