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2017年职称英语沙龙国际综合类B级考前押题-阅读理解

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2016-08-28
  第2部分:阅读判断(第16——22题,每题1分,共7分)  下面的短文后列了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。  A Dog's Dilemma  Finding a babysitter while you go out to work is, for example, an inconvenience. For the African wild dog, one of the continent's most endangered carnivores, it's a matter of life and death. New research shows that once packs fall below a certain size, there are not enough animals to both hunt food and stay at home protecting the young.  The African wild dog has declined drastically over the past century. Habitual loss, persecution and unexplained outbreaks of disease have all been blamed. Only 3, 000 to 5, 000 animals remain, and the species is expected to go extinct within decades if the trend continues.  Other large carnivores such as the spotted hyena face similar pressures, yet are not declining. Now Franck Courchamp of Cambridge University has found a reason why. The dog's weakness lies in its social organisation.  Within each pack of up to 20 adults and pups, only the dominant male and female breed. The remaining animals help raise the pups, cooperating to hunt prey and defend the kill from other carnivores.  Because pups can't keep up on a hunt, large packs leave an adult behind to protect them from predators, which include lions and hyenas. But leaving a babysitter also carries costs. A smaller hunting party is less able to tackle large prey and to defend the kill. There is also one less stomach in which to carry food hack to the den, and one more mouth to feed when they get there.  Courchamp investigated this awkward trade-off by modelling how the costs of a babysitter change with decreasing pack size. This showed that packs of more than five adults should be able to feed all the pups and still spare a babysitter. But with smaller packs, either the hunting or the babysitting suffers, or the animals have to compensate by increasing the number of hunting excursions- which itself carries a cost to the pack.  Field observations in Zimbabwe supported the model. Packs of five animals or fewer left pups unguarded more frequently than larger packs did. There was also evidence that when they did leave a babysitter, they were forced to hunt more often.  A pack which drops below a critical size becomes caught in a vicious circle, says Courchamp, who is now at Paris-Sud University. "Poor reproduction and low survival further reduces pack size, culminating in failure of the whole pack. " And deaths caused by human activity, says Courchamp, may be what reduces pack numbers to below the sustainable threshold. Mammal ecologist Chris Carbone at London's Institute of Zoology agrees. Maintaining the integrity of wild dog packs will be vital in pre serving the species, he says.  16. The African wild dog has been endangered.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  17. The spotted hyena is on the verge of extinction.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  18. The remaining lions will die out within decades.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  19. The dominant female is always left behind to protect the young.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  20. There is a tension between babysitting and hunting.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  21. The size of a pack must be big enough for it to survive.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  22. Steps will be taken to protect the African wild dog.  A. Right  B. Wrong  C. Not mentioned  参考答案:  16.A  17.B  18.C  19.B  20.A  21.A  22.C
推荐阅读:2017年全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试大纲

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