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专家解题:2013年职称英语考试综合类B级阅读理解历年真题及答案解析2

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-09-01
  考题类型:阅读理解
  "Lucky" Lord Lucan—Alive or Dead
  On 8th November 1974 Lord Lucan,a British aristocrat, vanished. The day before, his children's nanny had been brutally murdered and his wife had been attacked too. To this day the British public are still interested in the murder case because Lucan has never been found. Now, over 30 years later, the police have reopened the case, hoping that new DNA techniques will help solve this murder mystery.
  People suspected that "Lucky", as he was called by friends, wanted to kill his wife he no longer lived with. They say that Lucan entered his old house and in the dark, killed the nanny by mistake. His estranged wife heard noises, came downstairs and was also attacked, but managed to escape. Seven months after the murder, a jury concluded that Lucan had killed the nanny.
  What happened next is unclear, but there are several theories which fall into one of three categories:he may have killed himself, he could have escaped or he might have been killed. It appears that the night after the murder, "Lucky" borrowed a car and drove it. Lucan's friend Aspinall said in an interview that he thought Lucan had committed suicide by sinking his boat in the English Channel.
  Another version of events says that "Lucky" left the blood-soaked car on the coast and took a ferry to France. He was met there by someone who drove him to safety in another country. However, after a time, his rescuers became worried that they would become involved in the murder too and so Lucan was killed.
  A further fascinating theory was made in the book Dead Lucky by Duncan MacLaughlin, a former detective. He believes that Lucan travelled to Goa, India, where he assumed the identity of a Mr. Barry Haplin. Lucan then lived in Goa till his death in 1996. In the end the claim turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. The man who died in 1996 was really Haplin, an ex-schoolteacher turned hippy. So what is the truth about "Lucky"? DNA testing has solved many murder cases, but who knows if it can close the book on this one.
  36. The British public are still interested in the murder case because ____.
  A. the murderer was an aristocrat.
  B. the murderer has not been caught.
  C. the murderer' DNA has been found.
  D. the murderer was a famous man.
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:British public,murder case,注意题干中的because,题目问的是原因。
  第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到第一段第二句话:To this day the British public are still interested in the murder case because Lucan has never been found.
  第三步:对比原文和选项信息,题目问的是:公众对这件谋杀的调查依旧很感兴趣的原因是什么?原文明确说到了because Lucan has never been found,因为鲁肯伯爵一直没有被找到。比较四个选项,B选项说这个案件主犯一直没有被抓到(the murderer has not been caught),与原文表述的意思一致。所以这道题的答案选择B选项。
  37. It was suspected that Lucan killed the nanny because ____.
  A. she was cruel to his children
  B. she attacked his wife.
  C. she was mistaken for his wife
  D. she stole his car
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:killed the nanny,注意题干中的because,题目问的是原因。
  第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到第二段第二句:They say that Lucan entered his old house and in the dark, killed the nanny by mistake.
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息。题目问的是:Lucan被认为杀了保姆是因为____。原文中说:有人说鲁肯踏进他的老房子,在一片漆黑中错杀了保姆。比较四个选项,A选项说因为保姆对她的孩子不好,错误,A选项说因为保姆侵害了他的孩子,也不对,D选项说因为保姆偷了他的车子,更加不对,C选项说因为她是被错杀的,被鲁肯误当作他的妻子了,也就是说本来是想杀他的妻子的,结果杀了保姆。符合原文表述的意思。所以本题答案为C选项。
  38. Aspinall thought Lucan killed himself ____.
  A. in a car accident.
  B. on the night 30 years after the murder.
  C. by jumping into the English Channel.
  D. by sinking his boat
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:Aspinall,killed himself。
  第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到第三段最后一句话:Aspinall said in an interview that he thought Lucan had committed suicide by sinking his boat in the English Channel.
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息。题目问的是:Aspinall认为Lucan是怎样自杀的?根据第三段的最后一句话:他觉得Lucan伯爵在英吉利海峡弄沉了自己坐的船,已经自杀了。原文中的by sinking his boat与D选项相符,因此选项D是正确答案。
  39. According to the version in Paragraph 4, Lucan
  A. was involved in a murder in France.
  B. was caught in another country.
  C. met his partners on a ferry.
  D. had escaped but was killed later.
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:version,Paragraph 4。题目问的是,第四段中对于鲁肯伯爵的描述版本(version)是什么。
  第二步:直接回到第四段去,Version这个词直接出现在了第四段开头的。把原文信息和选项信息进行对比,A选项说鲁肯逃跑了,但后来又被杀了,看一下原文,原文说"Lucky" (指鲁肯伯爵)left the blood-soaked car on the coast and took a ferry to France. 把被血染了的车子扔在了海岸上,乘上了一艘开往法国的船,但是后来救他的人担心卷入谋杀案,又把他给杀了(and so Lucan was killed),可见D选项符合原文表述的意思,所以本题答案为D选项。
  40. The word "assumed" in Paragraph 5 means
  A. disclosed.
  B. took on.
  C. set up.
  D. changed.
  专家解题:
  第一步:本题考查assumed这个词在文章的含义,其原形是assume。
  第二步:在词典里面找到assume这个单词,发现在释义“装出……的样子”下面的同义词列表中,有B选项的原形take on出现,所以可以确定B选项为正确答案。
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