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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试综合类B级阅读理解历年真题及答案解析3

来源: 发布时间:2014-09-01
  考题类型:阅读理解                    Gross National Happiness    In the last century, newtechnology improved the lives of many people in many countries. However, onecountry resisted these changes. High in the Himalayan mountains of Asia, the kingdom of Bhutan remained separate. Its people andBuddhist(佛教)culture hadnot been affected for almost a thousand years. Bhutan, however, was a poorcountry. People died at a young age. Most of its people could not read, andthey did not know much about the outside world. Then, in 1972, a new rulernamed King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern, butwithout losing its traditions.    King Wangchuck looked atother countries for ideas. He saw that most countries measured their progressby their Gross Natonal Product(GNP). The GNPmeasures products and money. When the number of products sold increases, peoplesay the country is making progress. King Wangchuck had a different idea for Bhutan. Hewanted to measure his country’s progress by people’s happiness. If the people’shappiness increased, the king could say that Bhutan was making progress. Todecide if people were happier, he created a measure called Gross NationalHappiness(GNH).    GNH is based on certainprinciples that create happiness. People are happier if they have health care,education, and jobs. They are happier when they live in a healthy, protectedenvironment. They are happier when they can keep their traditional culture andcustoms. Finally, people are happier when they have a good, stable government.    Now there is some evidenceof increased GNH in Bhutan.People are healthier and are living longer. More people are educated andemployed. Twenty-five percent of the land has become national parks, and thecountry has almost no pollution. The Bhutanese continue to wear theirtraditional clothing and follow their ancient Buddhist customs. Bhutan has alsobecome a democracy. In 2008, King Wangchuck gave his power to his son. Althoughthe country still had a king, it held its first democratic elections that year.Bhutanhad political parties and political candidates for the first time. Finally, Bhutan hasconnected to the rest of the world through television and internet.    Bhutan is a symbol for socialprogress. Many countries are now interested in Bhutan’s GNH. These countries areinvestigating their own ways to measure happiness. They want to create newpolicies that take care of their people, cultures, and land.    Brazil may be the next country touse the principles of GNH. Brazilian leaders see the principles of GNH as asource of inspiration. Brazilis a large country with a diverse population. If happiness works as a measureof progress in Brazil,perhaps the rest of the world will follow.-41. Who was Jigme Singye Wangchuck?A. A president.B. A Buddhist priest.C. A general.D. A king.  专家解题:第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:JigmeSingye Wangchuck。题干问的是:JigmeSingye Wangchuck是谁?第二步:将信息词回归到原文中的第一段最后一句:Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King JigmeSingye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern,but without losing its traditions.第三步:最后对比信息和选项,选项A的king直接出现在原文中(a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck),所以本题的正确答案为D选项。42. Apart from modernizing Bhutan,what else did Wangchuck want to do for Bhutan?A. To make its population grow.B. To keep its tradition and customs.C. To keep it separate from the world.D. To encourage its people to get rich.  专家解题:第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:moderizingBhutan,moderizingBhutan。题干问的是:除了moderizingBhutan,Wangchuck还想for Bhutan做什么?第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第一段最后一句:Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King JigmeSingye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern, but without losing its traditions.原文说的是Wangchuck决定帮助Bhutan变得modern,但是又不失传统(without losing itstraditions)。即:除了变得modern,还想保持传统。第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项B的keep its tradition and customs(保持传统和风俗)与原文是一致的,所以本题的正确答案为B选项。本题的解题重点是关于without losing itstraditions和withoutlosing its traditions的同义转换。43. A country shows its progress with GNP byA. spending more money.B. spending less money.C. providing more jobs.D. selling more products.  专家解题:第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:progresswith GNP。题干问的是:国家通过____来显示GNP的增长?第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第二段前半部分:King Wangchuck looked at other countries for ideas. He saw that mostcountries measured their progress by their Gross Natonal Product(GNP). The GNP measures products and money. When the number of productssold increases people say the country is making progress. 原文说的是当卖的产品数量增加了(the number ofproducts sold increases),国家就在making progress。第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项D的selling more products表示的卖掉更多的产品,和原文的the number ofproducts sold increases是同义改写,其中sell是动词形式的“卖”,而sale是名词形式的“卖”,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。本题的解题重点是关于题干和原文的同义改写。44. According to GNH, people are happier if theyA. have new technology.B. can change their religion.C. have more money.D. have a good, stable government.  专家解题:第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:happier。题干问的是:根据GNH,如果____人们就更幸福。第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第三段:People are happier if they have health care, education, and jobs.They are happier when they live in a healthy, protected environment. They arehappier when they can keep their traditional culture and customs. Finally, peopleare happier when they have a good, stable government.第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,原文说的是,当人民生活居住在一个稳定的,受保护的环境下(live in a healthy, protected environment),他们就会更幸福,也更容易保留文化和传统。D选项表述的内容和原文信息相符,所以这道题的答案选择D选项。45. Today, many countries areA. using the principles of GNH to measure their progress.B. working together to develop a common scale to measure GNH.C. taking both Bhutanand Brazilas symbols for social progress.D. trying to find their own ways to measure happiness.  专家解题:第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:Today,many countries。题干问的是:今天,许多国家____。第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的后半部分,尤其是倒数第二段:Many countries are now interested in Bhutan’s GNH. These countries areinvestigating their own ways to measure happiness. They want to create newpolicies that take care of their people, cultures, and land.第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项D的trying to find their own ways tomeasure happiness出现在原文中,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。本题的解题重点是利用顺序出题原则来进行回归。  为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
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