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专家解题:2013年职称英语考试理工类C级阅读理解历年真题及答案解析2

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-08-29
  考题类型:阅读理解
  The Development of Ballet
  Ballet is a dance form that has a long history. The fact that it survives to this day shows that it has adjusted as times have changed.
  Ballet began in the royal courts during the Renaissance. At that time it became common for kings and queens, as well as other nobility, to participate in pageants that included music, poetry, and dance. As these entertainments moved from the Italian courts to the French ones, court ladies began participating in them. Though their long dresses prevented much movement, they were able to perform elaborate walking patterns. It was not until the 1600s that women dancers shortened their skirts, changed to flat shoes, and began doing some of the leaps and turns performed by men.
  It was also in the 1600s that professional ballet began. King Louis XIV of France, himself a devoted dancer, founded the Royal Academy of Dance. The five basic feet positions from which all ballet steps begin were finalized. In the late 1700s another important change occurred. Ballet began to tell a story on its own. It was no longer simply dance to be performed between acts of plays. Elaborate wigs and costumes were eliminated. By the early 1800s dancers learned to rise on their toes to make it appear that they were floating.
  Classical ballet as we know it today was influenced primarily by Russian dancing. The Russians remained interested in ballet when it declined in other European countries in the mid-1800s. One of the most influential figures of the early 20th century was Sergei Diaghilev. His dance company, the Ballets Russes, brought a new energy and excitement to ballet. One of his chief assistants, George Balanchine, went on to found the New York City Ballet in 1948 and to influence new generations of dancers.
  36. This passage deals mainly with
  A. famous names in ballet
  B. Russian ballet
  C. how ballet has developed
  D. why ballet is no longer popular
  专家解析:
  第一步:这道题目问的是这篇文章主要在讲什么?也就是这篇文章的主旨大意。
  第二步:浏览文章的标题和每段的段首一两句内容。文章的标题是:The Development of Ballet, 也就是芭蕾舞的发展。本题可以采用大标题解题法。
  第三步:比较四个选项和原文信息, A选项说的是“芭蕾舞中的著名人物”。B选项说的是“俄国的芭蕾舞”;C选项说的是“芭蕾舞是如何发展的”;D选项说的是“为什么芭蕾舞不再流行了”;四个选项比较以后, 发现只有C选项的内容符合文章的标题, 所以正确答案应该选择C。
  37. The word "pageants" in Paragraph 2 means
  A. dances
  B. instruction
  C. royal courts
  D. big shows
  专家解析:
  第一步:这道题是一道词汇题,问的是pageants这个单词在文中的意思。这是一个复数形式,原形是pageant。
  第二步:在词典中找到pageant这个单词的意思是“壮观游行,盛大庆典”。然后查出四个选项的意思,A选项是舞蹈的意思,B选项是教导的意思,C选项是皇家法庭的意思,D选项是盛大的庆典,盛大的演出的意思。所以D选项符合,本题答案为D选项。
  38. Professional ballet was first performed in
  A. Italy
  B. France
  C. Russia
  D. America
  专家解析:
  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:Professional,first performed。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,定位到第三段第一、二句:It was also in the 1600s that professional ballet began. King Louis XIV of France, himself a devoted dancer, founded the Royal Academy of Dance.
  第三步:对比原文和选项信息,原文中说的是到1600s的时候,专业的芭蕾开始发展,后面提到了法国的路易十四,King Louis XIV of France,本题答案为B选项。
  39. Who had an important influence on early ballet?
  A. Balanchine
  B. Antoinette
  C. Diaghilev
  D. Louis XIV
  专家解析:
  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:important influence,early ballet。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,紧接着上一个题目,King Louis XIV of France, himself a devoted dancer, founded the Royal Academy of Dance. The five basic feet positions from which all ballet steps begin were finalized. 法国国王路易十四建立了皇家舞蹈学院,而他本身就是一个芭蕾舞爱好者。由此正式确定了脚的5个基本位置,这5个外开的位置成为发展芭蕾舞技术的基础。
  第三步:对比原文和选项信息,原文中整段描述的都是法国国王路易十四本身作为一个芭蕾舞爱好者,对这个舞蹈进行了很多改变,比如舞步,服饰,表演形式等各方面。由此可见,Louis XIV对芭蕾舞的影响非常大,本题答案为D选项。
  40. We can conclude from this passage that ballet
  A. is a dying art
  B. will continue to change
  C. is currently performed only in Russia
  D. is often performed by dancers with little training
  专家解析:
  第一步:题干找不到适合的信息词,所以我们根据选项来回归。另外,题干问的是:从这篇文章我们可以总结出芭蕾____?
  第二步:对比选项和原文信息。选项A说是一种逐渐衰败的艺术选项;B说芭蕾舞将继续改变;选项C说芭蕾舞现在只在俄罗斯表演;选项D说芭蕾舞经常由那些缺乏培训的演员来表演;A、C、D三项的内容在文中没有提到,然而结合本文最后一段可以看出B选项是正确的,故本题的正确答案是B。

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