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专家解题:2013年职称英语考试综合类C级概括大意与完成句子真题及答案解析1

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-09-01
  考题类型:概括大意与完成句子
  Pedestrians Only
  1    The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long time. During the Middle Ages, traffic-free shopping areas were built in Middle Eastern countries to allow people to shop in comfort and, more importantly, safety. As far back as 2,000 years ago, road traffic was banned from central Rome during the day to allow for the free movement of pedestrians(行人), and was only allowed in at night when shops and markets had closed for the day. In most other cities, however, pedestrians were forced to share the streets with horses, coaches and, later, with cars and other motorised vehicles.
  2     The modern, traffic-free shopping street was born in Europe in the 1960s, when both city populations and car ownership increased rapidly. Dirty gases from cars and the risks involved in crossing the road were beginning to make shopping an unpleasant and dangerous experience. Many believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free streets, and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.
  3     At first, there was resistance from shopkeepers. They believed that such a move would be bad for business. They argued that people would avoid streets if they were unable to get to them in their cars. When the first streets in Europe were closed to traffic, there were even noisy demonstrations, as many shopkeepers predicted they would lose customers.
  4     However, research carried out afterwards in several European cities revealed some unexpected statistics. In Munich, Cologne and Hamburg, visitors to shopping areas increased by 50 percent. On Copenhagen's main shopping street, shopkeepers reported sales increases of 25-40 percent. Shopkeepers in Minneapolis, the USA, were so impressed when they learnt this that they even offered to pay for the construction and maintenance costs of their own traffic- free streets.
  5    With the arrival of the traffic-free shopping street, many shops, especially those selling things like clothes, food and smaller luxury items, prospered. Unfortunately, it wasn't good news for everyone, as shops selling furniture and larger electrical appliances (电器) actually saw their sales drop. Many of these were forced to move elsewhere, away from the city centre.
  23. Paragraph 1______
  A. Facing protest from shop owners
  B. Increase in sales and customers
  C. An idea from ancient history
  D. A need for change
  E. An experiment that went wrong
  F. Popularity of online shopping
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出A-F选项的信息词,A选项:need for change,B选项:sales and customers,C选项:ancient history,D选项:shop owners,F选项:online shopping,E选项:experiment,wrong。
  第二步:本题考查第一段的段落大意,找出本段的中心句,为第一句:The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long time.
  第三步:对比中心句和选项信息,C选项信息词ancient history和句中的goes back a long time对应,表示“很久以前,有很长的历史”。本段主要讲的是步行街这个概念在很久以前就已经出现了,讲的是它的历史。所以本题答案为C选项。
  24. Paragraph 2______
  A. Facing protest from shop owners
  B. Increase in sales and customers
  C. An idea from ancient history
  D. A need for change
  E. An experiment that went wrong
  F. Popularity of online shopping
  专家解题:
  第一步:本题考查第二段的段落大意,找出本段的中心句,为最后一句Many believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free streets, and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.
  第二步:对比中心句和选项信息,E选项信息词experiment的动词ing形式出现在中心句里面,本段讲述的是在商业区规划步行街的这种尝试,试验(experiment),所以本题答案选择E选项。
  25. Paragraph 3______
  A. Facing protest from shop owners
  B. Increase in sales and customers
  C. An idea from ancient history
  D. A need for change
  E. An experiment that went wrong
  F. Popularity of online shopping
  专家解题:
  第一步:本题考查第三段的段落大意,找出本段的中心句,为第一句:At first, there was resistance from shopkeepers.
  第二步:对比中心句和选项信息,A选项信息词shop owners和句中的shopkeepers为同义改写,都表示店家,商家。并且,选项里面的protest和句中的resistance也为同义改写,表示抗议,阻止的意思。本段讲述的就是在试行初期,遭到了商家的抗议和阻止。本题答案为A选项。
  26. Paragraph 4______
  A. Facing protest from shop owners
  B. Increase in sales and customers
  C. An idea from ancient history
  D. A need for change
  E. An experiment that went wrong
  F. Popularity of online shopping
  专家解题:
  第一步:本题考查第四段的段落大意,找出本段的中心句,本段中心句不明显。我们可以把剩下的几个选项的信息词依次去回归。剩下的为D,F,B三个选项。
  第二步:依次回归,发现E选项的Increase,sales等词在本段中多次出现,并且本段还有一些数字百分比信息,比如visitors to shopping areas increased by 50 percent,sales increases of 25-40 percent等。本段讲述的是步行街的规划最终成功了,商家的顾客变多了,营业额也多了。本题答案为B选项。
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