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专家解题:2013年职称英语考试综合类B级概括大意与完成句子真题及答案解析2

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2014-09-01
  考题类型:概括大意与完成句子
  Traffic Jams—No End in Sight
  1    Traffic congestion(拥堵)affects people throughout the world.Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U.S., commuters (通勤人员) spend an average of a full working week each year sitting in traffic jams, according to the Texas Transportation Institute. While alternative ways of getting around are available, most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience, comfort and privacy.
  2    The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing,where by cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times of day.In theory, if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.And in practice it seems to work:Singapore,London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.
  3    Another way to reduce rush—hour traffic is for employers to implement flextime,which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour.Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars.Employers can also allow more staff to telecommute(work from home)so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.
  4    Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads,especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets.But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road;they only accommodate more of them.
  5    Other, more forward—thinking,planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day,and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is SO much better both for people and the environment.For this reason, the American government has decided to spend some $7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the$50 billion being spent on roads and bridges.
  27. Most American drivers think it convenient to______
  A. reduce traffic jams
  B. spend more money
  C. drive around
  D. travel regularly
  E. go by bus
  F. encourage more private cars
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:American drivers,convenient。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,定位到第一段最后一句,convenient的名词形式convenience出现在句中:While alternative ways of getting around are available, most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience, comfort and privacy.
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文中说,许多司机为了图方便,还是选择自己开车外出(choose their cars),这和C选项的drive around表达的意思一致,所以本题答案为C选项。
  28. If charged high enough, some drivers may______ to enter certain parts of town.
  A. reduce traffic jams
  B. spend more money
  C. drive around
  D. travel regularly
  E. go by bus
  F. encourage more private cars
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:high enough,drivers,town。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,定位到第二段第二句:In theory, if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文中说如果收费过高,司机就会选项取消出行,或者乘坐公交车,火车等。明确提到了go by bus,和E选项相符,所以本题答案为E选项。
  29. Building more roads is not an effective way to______
  A. reduce traffic jams
  B. spend more money
  C. drive around
  D. travel regularly
  E. go by bus
  F. encourage more private cars
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:Building more roads,effective way。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,定位到第三段第一句:Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads…
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文中说到了ease traffic congestion,和选项E的reduce traffic jams为同义改写,都是说的是通过多修路来环节交通拥堵这个方法。我们从做过的26题可以看出,这方法并没有解决问题,所以他不是一个可行的办法,符合题目要求的not an effective way。本题答案为A选项。
  30. The U. S. government has planned to ______ updating public-transport systems.
  A. reduce traffic jams
  B. spend more money
  C. drive around
  D. travel regularly
  E. go by bus
  F. encourage more private cars
  专家解题:
  第一步:划出题干的信息词:U. S. government,public-transport systems。
  第二步:信息词回归原文,定位到最后一段倒数第二句For this reason, the American government has decided to spend some $7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.
  第三步:对比题干和原文信息,原文中出现了spend这个词,而且后面出现了关于钱的数字表达,比较几个选项,B选项spend more money符合原文表述,所以本题答案为B选项。
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