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专家解题:2012年职称英语考试综合类A级概括大意与完成句子真题及答案解析2

来源: 发布时间:2014-09-01
  考题类型:概括大意与完成句子                     Howtechnology pushes down price1    Prices have fallen in thefood business because of advances in food production and distributiontechnology. Consumers have benefited greatly from those advances. People whopredicted that the world would run out of food were wrong. We are producingmore and more food with less and less capital. Food is therefore more plentifuland cheaper than it has ever been. Spending on food compared with other goodshas fallen for many years, and continues to drop.2    Supermarkets have helpedpush down prices mainly because of their scale. Like any big business, they caninvest in IT systems that make them efficient. And their size allows them tobuy in bulk. As supermarkets get bigger, the prices get lower.3    Huge retail companiessuch as Wal-Mart have tremendous power and they can put pressure on producersto cut their margins. As a result, some producers have had to make cuts. Inrecent years, Unilever has cut its workforce by 33,000 t0 245,000 and droppedlots of its minor brands as part of its "path to growth" strategy.Cadbury has shut nearly 20 per cent of its 133 factories and cut 10 per cent ofits 55,000 global workforce. These cuts help keep costs down, and the price offood stays low.4    Does cheap food makepeople unhealthy? Cheap food may encourage people to eat more. Food companiescertainly think that giving people more food for their money makes them buymore. Giving people bigger portions is an easy way of making them feel theyhave got a better deal. That is why portions have got larger and larger. In America, softdrinks came in 80z (225g)cans in the past, then 120z (350g),and now come in 200z (550g)cans.1f a companycan sell you an 80z portion for $7, they can sell you a 120z portion for $8.The only extra cost to the company is the food, which probably costs 25 cents.5    Now companies are underpressure to stop selling bigger portions for less money. But it is hard tochange the trend.-27. Big supermarkets can offer food at lower prices because they canbuy in___A. large quantitiesB. minor brandsC. a good bargingD. their moneyE. their workforceF. huge portions  专家解题:第一步:看六个选项,这六个选项的结构都非常简单,都是很短的短语。我们直接使用查读法来做题。划出题干当中的信息词,Big supermarkets,lower prices。第二步:信息词回归原文:Like any big business,they can invest in IT systems that make them efficient. And their size allowsthem to buy in bulk. 第三步:对比题干选项信息词和原文,原文当中说了buy in bulk,几个选项当中,A选项有同义表达方式large quantities ,in bulk = in large quantities,这属于典型的同义改写。由此可以确定本题答案为A选项。28. Some food producers have reduced___A. large quantitiesB. minor brandsC. a good bargingD. their moneyE. their workforceF. huge portions  专家解题:第一步:划出题干的信息词:food producers,reduced。第二步:信息词回归原文: 回归到第三段第二句:As a result, some producers have had to make cuts.第三步:对比题干选项信息词和原文,原文前面提到了沃尔玛减少利润cuttheir margins,所以食品生产商也必须降低售价,也就是说,一些食品生产商some producers也丢了一部分钱lose their money。这里原文当中的make cuts和lose their money属于典型的改写对比分析,为同义改写。由此确定本题答案为D选项。29. Besides cutting its workforce, Unilever also abandoned its___A. large quantitiesB. minor brandsC. a good bargingD. their moneyE. their workforceF. huge portions  专家解题:第一步:划出题干的信息词:cutting its workforce,Unilever。第二步:信息词回归原文,第三段提到了一些商家的策略,还用了联合利华来作为例子说明Unileverhas cut its workforce by 33,000 t0 245,000 and dropped lots of its minor brandsas part of its "path to growth" strategy.第三步:对比题干选项信息词和原文,原文说到了联合利华放弃了一些不出名的品牌minor brands,和选项B一致,属于典型的简单对比分析。由此可以确定本题答案选择B选项。30. Buyers like bigger portion because they think they have got___A. large quantitiesB. minor brandsC. a good bargingD. their moneyE. their workforceF. huge portions  专家解题:第一步:划出题干的信息词:bigger portion。第二步:信息回归原文,定位到第四段第四句:Giving peoplebigger portions is an easy way of making them feel they have got a better deal.第三步:对比题干选项信息词和原文,原文当中的a better deal和C选项的a good bargain为同义改写,由此确定本题答案为C选项。  为帮助考生用最轻松的方式通过职称英语考试,考职称网官方推荐:博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班,它是在家里上的面授班,通过打造轻松愉快的学习过程,帮助考生掌握职称英语的考试技巧,提供贴心的班主任全程督导服务帮助考生坚持学完所有课程,只要学习达标,即可通过考试,不过退款!(职称英语零基础通关QQ交流群:347526614)2015年如何轻松通过职称英语考试?】  <<<<<职称英语vip保过,不过退款!<>  <<<<<职称英语零基础也不怕?这里保过!<>  <<<<<什么是职称英语?有什么通过秘诀吗?<>  <<<<<职称英语教父幺建华揭秘过关技巧<>   <<<<<在家也可以上职称英语面授班!<>    <<<<<不用背单词也能通过职称英语!<>
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